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Re: [NOVICE] Samba.Conf drilller



<snip>
> Jeg er i gang med at teste noget omkring dns, da jeg har en løs antagelse
> om, at problemer med dns kan influere på resultatet - det ser lovende det
> ud, så jeg vender tilbage med konklusionen senere i dag.
>
> Fortsat held og lykke.
>
> Mvh.
> Michael
<snip>
Her kommer konklusionen:

DNS:

for at kunne få forbindelse til samba-serveren, kræves der en fungerende
løsning på navneopslag. Dette kan løses på 2 måder:

1) Hosts og Lmhosts - netbios way (har i øvrigt suffixet .sam): I disse
filer skal samba-serveren være nævnt se figur 1 og 2.
2) Sæt linuxserveren til af køre named - tcp/ip way, og fortæl windows at
den skal bruge linuxserveren som dns. Åbn
indstillinger->kontrolpanel->netwærk. Åbn egenskaber for TCP/IP. Under
fanebladet Gateway tilføjes 192.168.1.1. Under fanebladet DNS-konfiguration
aktiveres DNS, i Vært skrives maskinens navn f.eks WS1 (dette samme navn
skal være angivet som Computernavn i fanebladet identifikation:
Indstillinger->kontrolpanel->netværk), Domæne sættes til domain.net, i
feltet Rækkefølge til søgning efter DNS-server tilføjes 192.168.1.1 (hvis
den står som første går det hurtigere).

DOMAINNAVN:

Workgroup/domainnavn må ikke være sammenfaldende med hostnavnet. Hvis samba
kører på f.eks. host test.domain.net, og har følgende stående i filen
/etc/hosts:

ip                    fulde navn                        alias
--                    ---------------                        ------

127.0.0.1        localhost.localdomain    localhost
192.168.1.1    test.domain.net                test
172.10.10.1    router.domain.net            router

er følgende navne ikke tilladt for workgroup/domain:

localhost.localdomain
test.domain.net
router.domain.net
ps. disse vil formentlig være ulovlige i sig selv, da de indeholder et
forbudt tegn.

localhost
test
router

så vores eksempel domain hedder derfor <testdomain>.

# Copyright (c) 1998 Microsoft Corp.
#
# This is a sample HOSTS file used by Microsoft TCP/IP stack for Windows98
#
# This file contains the mappings of IP addresses to host names. Each
# entry should be kept on an individual line. The IP address should
# be placed in the first column followed by the corresponding host name.
# The IP address and the host name should be separated by at least one
# space.
#
# Additionally, comments (such as these) may be inserted on individual
# lines or following the machine name denoted by a '#' symbol.
#
# For example:
#
#      102.54.94.97     rhino.acme.com          # source server
#       38.25.63.10     x.acme.com              # x client host

127.0.0.1       localhost
192.168.1.1   test
172.10.10.1   router

figur 1: hosts

# Copyright (c) 1998 Microsoft Corp.
#
# This is a sample LMHOSTS file used by the Microsoft Wins Client (NetBios
# over TCP/IP) stack for Windows98
#
# This file contains the mappings of IP addresses to NT computernames
# (NetBIOS) names.  Each entry should be kept on an individual line.
# The IP address should be placed in the first column followed by the
# corresponding computername. The address and the comptername
# should be separated by at least one space or tab. The "#" character
# is generally used to denote the start of a comment (see the exceptions
# below).
#
# This file is compatible with Microsoft LAN Manager 2.x TCP/IP lmhosts
# files and offers the following extensions:
#
#      #PRE
#      #DOM:<domain>
#      #INCLUDE <filename>
#      #BEGIN_ALTERNATE
#      #END_ALTERNATE
#      \0xnn (non-printing character support)
#
# Following any entry in the file with the characters "#PRE" will cause
# the entry to be preloaded into the name cache. By default, entries are
# not preloaded, but are parsed only after dynamic name resolution fails.
#
# Following an entry with the "#DOM:<domain>" tag will associate the
# entry with the domain specified by <domain>. This affects how the
# browser and logon services behave in TCP/IP environments. To preload
# the host name associated with #DOM entry, it is necessary to also add a
# #PRE to the line. The <domain> is always preloaded although it will not
# be shown when the name cache is viewed.
#
# Specifying "#INCLUDE <filename>" will force the RFC NetBIOS (NBT)
# software to seek the specified <filename> and parse it as if it were
# local. <filename> is generally a UNC-based name, allowing a
# centralized lmhosts file to be maintained on a server.
# It is ALWAYS necessary to provide a mapping for the IP address of the
# server prior to the #INCLUDE. This mapping must use the #PRE directive.
# In addtion the share "public" in the example below must be in the
# LanManServer list of "NullSessionShares" in order for client machines to
# be able to read the lmhosts file successfully. This key is under
#
\machine\system\currentcontrolset\services\lanmanserver\parameters\nullsessi
onshares
# in the registry. Simply add "public" to the list found there.
#
# The #BEGIN_ and #END_ALTERNATE keywords allow multiple #INCLUDE
# statements to be grouped together. Any single successful include
# will cause the group to succeed.
#
# Finally, non-printing characters can be embedded in mappings by
# first surrounding the NetBIOS name in quotations, then using the
# \0xnn notation to specify a hex value for a non-printing character.
#
# The following example illustrates all of these extensions:
#
# 102.54.94.97     rhino         #PRE #DOM:networking  #net group's DC
# 102.54.94.102    "appname  \0x14"                    #special app server
# 102.54.94.123    popular            #PRE             #source server
# 102.54.94.117    localsrv           #PRE             #needed for the
include
#
# #BEGIN_ALTERNATE
# #INCLUDE \\localsrv\public\lmhosts
# #INCLUDE \\rhino\public\lmhosts
# #END_ALTERNATE
#
# In the above example, the "appname" server contains a special
# character in its name, the "popular" and "localsrv" server names are
# preloaded, and the "rhino" server name is specified so it can be used
# to later #INCLUDE a centrally maintained lmhosts file if the "localsrv"
# system is unavailable.
#
# Note that the whole file is parsed including comments on each lookup,
# so keeping the number of comments to a minimum will improve performance.
# Therefore it is not advisable to simply add lmhosts file entries onto the
# end of this file.

192.168.1.1     test         #PRE #DOM:testdomain  #net group's DC

figur 2: lmhosts

Jeg håber denne "korte" forklaring hjælper.

Mvh.
Michael





 
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